+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Prevalence of food allergy among preschool children in northern Thailand



Prevalence of food allergy among preschool children in northern Thailand



Pediatrics International 54(2): 238-243



The epidemiology and clinical spectrum of food allergies (FA) confirmed by oral food challenge tests (OFC) in the Southeast Asian countries are limited. The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence and characteristics of FA among preschool children in northern Thailand. Five hundred and forty-six children aged 3-7 years living in Chiang Mai, Thailand participated in this study. A cross-sectional parent questionnaire survey was conducted. Families with children reporting FA were invited to undergo further investigations with skin prick testing, serum specific IgE, and OFC. A total of 452 out of 546 questionnaires (82.8%) were returned. Forty-two children (9.3%) were reported to have FA. The five leading allergic foods reported were shrimp, cow's milk, fish, chicken eggs, and ant eggs. The most commonly reported symptom was a skin rash (78.0%), followed by abdominal pain and vomiting (31.1%). Anaphylaxis was found in two children (3.4%), from ant eggs allergy. Eighteen children underwent OFC; five of them were positive to shrimp, fish, and crab. Either skin prick test or serum-specific IgE was positive in these children. Factors associated with parent-reported FA included personal and family history of atopic dermatitis. The prevalence of IgE-mediated FA confirmed on OFC was ≥ 1.11% (95% confidence interval: 0.41-2.98%). The most common causative food was shrimp. Ant eggs were a unique food allergen causing severe reactions in preschool children in northern Thailand.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 055157865

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22168484

DOI: 10.1111/j.1442-200x.2011.03544.x


Related references

Prevalence of food allergy among preschool children in northern Thailand. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 127(2-supp-S), 2011

Studies on preschool children in northern thailand 3. the influence of socio economic situation weaning practices and number of children on the nutritional status. Nutrition Reports International 25(2): 373-380, 1982

Riboflavin status in preschool children in northern thailand a community survey. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 69(10): 543-548, 1986

The prevalence of inadequate vitamin A nutriture in preschool children of north and northeast Thailand. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 80(3): 139-146, 1997

Food allergy and anaphylaxis in infants and preschool-age children. Clinical Pediatrics 53(7): 652-657, 2014

Studies on preschool children in northern Thailand. 1. The nutritional status in a rural region. Nutrition Reports International 25(2): 353-361, 1982

Prevalence and Factors Related to Behavioral and Emotional Problems among Preschool Children in Bangkok, Thailand. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 100(2): 175-182, 2017

Studies on preschool children in northern Thailand. 2. The relationship between nutritional status and nutrition knowledge. Nutrition Reports International 25(2): 363-371, 1982

Parenting and independent problem-solving in preschool children with food allergy. Journal of Pediatric Psychology 40(1): 96, 2016

Food allergy knowledge, perception of food allergy labeling, and level of dietary practice: A comparison between children with and without food allergy experience. Nutrition Research and Practice 9(1): 92-98, 2015

Point prevalence and risk factors for food allergy in a cohort of 386 children with atopic dermatitis attending a multidisciplinary dermatology/paediatric allergy clinic. European Journal of Dermatology 24(1): 63-69, 2015

Prevalence and risk factors of protein energy malnutrition (PEM) in preschool children of Klong-Toey Slum, Bangkok, Thailand. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 75(1): 39-45, 1992

Prevalence of adverse food reactions and food allergy among Thai children. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 88(Suppl. 8): S27-S32, 2005

The use of open food challenges to demonstrate the prevalence of food allergy in children. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology 107(2): S190-S191, 2001

Allergic Reactions to Foods in Preschool-Aged Children in a Prospective Observational Food Allergy Study. Pediatrics 132(Suppl.): S19-S19, 2013