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Prognostic value of lymph node ratio in patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer



Prognostic value of lymph node ratio in patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer



Gynecologic Oncology 135(3): 435-440



Lymph node status is an established prognostic factor in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Lymph node ratio (number of positive LN/number of resected LN) reflects both qualitative and quantitative lymph node spread as well as surgical effort and extent of disease. We evaluated whether LNR is a more precise prognostic factor than conventional lymph node status in patients with EOC. The present retrospective study includes 809 patients with EOC, who underwent primary cytoreductive surgery between 2000-2013. Clinico-pathological parameters and survival data were extracted from a prospectively maintained tumor registry database. The optimal cut-off point for LNR was calculated by using Martingale residuals. Survival analyses were calculated using Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression models. Lymphadenectomy was performed in 693 (85.7%) out of 809 patients. Median number of removed LN was 64 (IQR 25-75%: 39-84). LNR of 0.25 was identified as the optimal prognostic cut-off value. The estimated 5-year-OS rates were 69.3% for patients with node-negative EOC compared to 33.1% for patients with any lymph node metastasis (p<0.001). The estimated 5-year-OS rates were 42.5% for patients with LNR≤0.25, and 18.0% for patients with LNR>0.25 (p<0.001). Additionally in multivariate analysis LNR>0.25 was approved to be an independent prognostic factor for overall survival (adjusted HR 1.44, 95% CI 1.04-2.00; p=0.028). LNR more precisely predicts overall survival than conventional lymph node status in EOC patients undergoing primary debulking surgery.

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Accession: 055214285

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PMID: 25312398

DOI: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2014.10.003


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