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Proteolytic processing of the p75 neurotrophin receptor: A prerequisite for signalling?: Neuronal life, growth and death signalling are crucially regulated by intra-membrane proteolysis and trafficking of p75(NTR)



Proteolytic processing of the p75 neurotrophin receptor: A prerequisite for signalling?: Neuronal life, growth and death signalling are crucially regulated by intra-membrane proteolysis and trafficking of p75(NTR)



Bioessays 33(8): 614-625



The common neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR) ) regulates various functions in the developing and adult nervous system. Cell survival, cell death, axonal and growth cone retraction, and regulation of the cell cycle can be regulated by p75(NTR) -mediated signals following activation by either mature or pro-neurotrophins and in combination with various co-receptors, including Trk receptors and sortilin. Here, we review the known functions of p75(NTR) by cell type, receptor-ligand combination, and whether regulated intra-membrane proteolysis of p75(NTR) is required for signalling. We highlight that the generation of the intracellular domain fragment of p75(NTR) is associated with many of the receptor functions, regardless of its ligand and co-receptor interactions.

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Accession: 055254925

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21717487

DOI: 10.1002/bies.201100036



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