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Proton-sensing Ca2+ binding domains regulate the cardiac Na+/Ca2+ exchanger



Proton-sensing Ca2+ binding domains regulate the cardiac Na+/Ca2+ exchanger



Journal of Biological Chemistry 286(33): 28811-28820



The cardiac Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) regulates cellular [Ca(2+)](i) and plays a central role in health and disease, but its molecular regulation is poorly understood. Here we report on how protons affect this electrogenic transporter by modulating two critically important NCX C(2) regulatory domains, Ca(2+) binding domain-1 (CBD1) and CBD2. The NCX transport rate in intact cardiac ventricular myocytes was measured as a membrane current, I(NCX), whereas [H(+)](i) was varied using an ammonium chloride "rebound" method at constant extracellular pH 7.4. At pH(i) = 7.2 and [Ca(2+)](i) < 120 nM, I(NCX) was less than 4% that of its maximally Ca(2+)-activated value. I(NCX) increases steeply at [Ca(2+)](i) between 130-150 nM with a Hill coefficient (n(H)) of 8.0 ± 0.7 and K(0.5) = 310 ± 5 nM. At pH(i) = 6.87, the threshold of Ca(2+)-dependent activation of I(NCX) was shifted to much higher [Ca(2+)](i) (600-700 nM), and the relationship was similarly steep (n(H) = 8.0±0.8) with K(0.5) = 1042 ± 15 nM. The V(max) of Ca(2+)-dependent activation of I(NCX) was not significantly altered by low pH(i). The Ca(2+) affinities for CBD1 (0.39 ± 0.06 μM) and CBD2 (K(d) = 18.4 ± 6 μM) were exquisitely sensitive to [H(+)], decreasing 1.3-2.3-fold as pH(i) decreased from 7.2 to 6.9. This work reveals for the first time that NCX can be switched off by physiologically relevant intracellular acidification and that this depends on the competitive binding of protons to its C(2) regulatory domains CBD1 and CBD2.

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Accession: 055260864

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PMID: 21680748

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.214106


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