Section 56
Chapter 55,303

QTL analysis of leaf morphological characters in a Quercus robur full-sib family (Q. robur x Q. robur ssp. slavonica)

Gailing, O.

Plant Biology 10(5): 624-634


ISSN/ISBN: 1435-8603
PMID: 18761500
DOI: 10.1111/j.1438-8677.2008.00063.x
Accession: 055302959

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The distinction between white oak species (section Quercus sensu stricto) is largely based on leaf morphological characters. There is, however, considerable within-species variation and no single species-diagnostic character, possibly due to phenotypic plasticity and/or underlying genetic variation. The aim of the present study was to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) underlying the high within-species variation for leaf morphological characters in an F(1) full-sib family derived from a cross between Q. robur and Q. robur ssp. slavonica. In accordance with an earlier QTL mapping study in an intraspecific Q. robur full-sib family, polygenic inheritance was detected for leaf morphological characters that are used to discriminate between the species Quercus robur and Q. petraea. QTLs were distributed over ten linkage groups, showed a moderate effect in terms of phenotypic variance explained (PVE) in the mapping pedigree (3.6-9.6%), but accounted for a considerable amount of the parental differences. Co-localisation of QTLs on the same linkage group in different genetic backgrounds was found for the number and percentage of intercalary veins (NV, PV) on linkage group 3 and for NV on linkage group 5, revealing a high congruence in the relative QTL positions. The generally low correspondence of the other QTLs in the different mapping pedigrees may be an effect of the genetic background and of the environment. In conclusion, leaf morphological characters were found to be under polygenic control, and a comparison to earlier published results led to the identification of two QTLs that were stable across different genetic backgrounds.

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