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RAS, cellular senescence and transformation: the BRCA1 DNA repair pathway at the crossroads

RAS, cellular senescence and transformation: the BRCA1 DNA repair pathway at the crossroads

Small Gtpases 3(3): 163-167

The definition of an oncogene is a gene that actively promotes tumorigenesis. For example, activation of RAS oncogene promotes cell transformation and cancer. Paradoxically, in primary mammalian cells, oncogenic RAS typically triggers cellular senescence, a state of irreversible cell growth arrest. Oncogene-induced senescence is an important tumor suppression mechanism in vivo. Here, we discuss our recent evidence that RAS-induced suppression of DNA repair response via dissociation of BRCA1 from chromatin promotes senescence while predisposing cells to senescence bypass and transformation by allowing for secondary hits. The molecular mechanism we uncovered helps reconcile the tumor-promoting nature of oncogenic RAS with the tumor-suppressing role of oncogene-induced senescence.

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Accession: 055333419

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22751483

DOI: 10.4161/sgtp.19884

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