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RB1 and p53 at the crossroad of EMT and triple-negative breast cancer

RB1 and p53 at the crossroad of EMT and triple-negative breast cancer

Cell Cycle 10(10): 1563-1570

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a heterogeneous disease that includes Basal-like and Claudin-low tumors. The Claudin-low tumors are enriched for features associated with epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and possibly for tumor initiating cells. Primary TNBCs respond relatively well to conventional chemotherapy; however, metastatic disease is virtually incurable. Thus, there is a great interest in identifying specific therapeutic targets for TNBC. The tumor suppressor RB1 is frequently lost in Basal-like breast cancer. To test for a causative role of RB1 gene loss in BC and for its effect on specific subtypes, we deleted mouse Rb in mammary stem/bipotent progenitor cells. This led to diverse mammary tumors including TNBC, with a subset of the latter containing p53 mutations and exhibiting features of Basal-like BC or EMT. Combined mutation of Rb and p53 in mammary stem/bipotent progenitors induced EMT type tumors. Here, we review our findings and those of others, which connect Rb and p53 to EMT in TNBC. Furthermore, we discuss how by understanding this circuit and its vulnerabilities, we may identify novel therapy for TNBC.

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Accession: 055333557

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21502814

DOI: 10.4161/cc.10.10.15703

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