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RCB20, an experimental benzimidazole derivative, affects tubulin expression and induces gross anatomical changes in Taenia crassiceps cysticerci



RCB20, an experimental benzimidazole derivative, affects tubulin expression and induces gross anatomical changes in Taenia crassiceps cysticerci



Parasitology Research 112(6): 2215-2226



Helminth β-tubulins are the targets of benzimidazole (BZM) carbamate compounds. The specificity of the interactions between such compounds and their in vivo targets depends on the presence of specific amino acid residues in the target molecules. To discover new and effective anthelmintic drugs, we used a medicinal chemistry approach to synthesize a series of BZM derivatives that exploited the BZM moiety as a template. We have previously found that one compound, 2-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-benzimidazole (RCB20), has better in vitro and in vivo activity than albendazole sulfoxide (ABZSO). In the present study, the effect of RCB20 and ABZSO treatment on expression of Taenia crassiceps cysticerci cytoskeletal proteins such as actin, myosin II, and tubulin isoforms was examined. The effects of RCB20 and ABZSO after 11 days treatment of the parasites was evaluated by light, confocal, and electron microscopy, and by immunochemistry and immunohistochemistry. The RCB20-induced effects were more rapid than the ABZSO-induced effects on the parasites. In the RCB20-treated parasites, we observed gross-structural damage at the whole parasite level, particularly in the inner tissues and flame cells. Changes in the expression patterns of the cytoskeletal proteins, as assessed by immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting, revealed that the most important drug-induced effect on the parasites was a reduction in the expression level of tyrosinated α-tubulins. Our research findings suggest that RCB20 treatment affected posttranslational modification of parasite α-tubulin molecules, which involved removal of the α-tubulin carboxy-terminal tyrosine.

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Accession: 055333739

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PMID: 23504054

DOI: 10.1007/s00436-013-3379-2



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