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RCC1-like repeat proteins: a pangenomic, structurally diverse new superfamily of beta-propeller domains

RCC1-like repeat proteins: a pangenomic, structurally diverse new superfamily of beta-propeller domains

Proteins 70(2): 378-387

The beta-propeller fold is a phylogenetically widespread, common protein architecture able to support a range of different functions such as catalysis, ligand binding and transport, regulation and protein binding. Interestingly, it appears that the beta-propeller topology is also compatible with strikingly diverse sequences. Amongst this diversity, there are three large groups of proteins with related sequences and very important cellular and intercellular regulatory functions: WD, kelch, and YWTD proteins. A common characteristic between these protein families is that their sequences, while distinct, all contain internal repeats 40-45 residues long. Through a pangenomic analysis using internal repeat profiles derived from the structurally known propeller modules of the eukaryotic protein RCC1 and the related prokaryotic protein BLIP-II, we have defined a new superfamily of propeller repeats, the RCC1-like repeats (RLRs). These sequences turn out to be more phylogenetically widespread than other large groups of propeller proteins, occurring in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes. Interestingly, our research showed that RLR domains with different numbers of repeats exist, ranging from 3 to 7, and possibly more. A novel, intriguing finding is the discovery of sequences with 3 repeats, as well as proteins with 10 modular units, though in the latter case it is not clear whether these are made of two 5-bladed domains or a single, novel 10-bladed propeller. In addition, the results indicate that circular permutation events may have taken place in the evolution of these proteins. It is now established that the group of RLR proteins is extremely numerous and is characterized by unique, remarkable features which place it in a position of special interest as an important superfamily of proteins in nature.

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Accession: 055333742

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PMID: 17680689

DOI: 10.1002/prot.21521

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