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Radical Reactivity of the Fe(III)/(II) Tetramesitylporphyrin Couple: Hydrogen Atom Transfer, Oxyl Radical Dissociation, and Catalytic Disproportionation of a Hydroxylamine



Radical Reactivity of the Fe(III)/(II) Tetramesitylporphyrin Couple: Hydrogen Atom Transfer, Oxyl Radical Dissociation, and Catalytic Disproportionation of a Hydroxylamine



Chemical Science 5(1): 372-380



The chemistry of low-valent iron porphyrin complexes with oxyl radical reagents has been explored. (Meso-tetramesityl porphyrinato) iron(III) hydroxide, (TMP)FeIII(OH) reacts with the hydroxylamine TEMPO-H (1-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperdine) to yield the ferrous porphyrin, (TMP)FeII, together with H2O and TEMPO. This reaction has a second order rate constant k1 = 76 ± 5 M-1 1 s-1 and likely occurs by concerted e-/H+ transfer. Hydrazines PhNHNHPh and PhNHNH2 similarly yield (TMP)FeII. A subsequent reaction between TEMPO (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperdinyl radical) and (TMP)FeII is observed to reversibly form the TEMPO-ligated ferric porphyrin, (TMP)FeIII(TEMPO). A combination of 1H NMR and optical spectroscopies were used to determine the thermodynamic parameters for TEMPO binding: K4 (25°C) = 535 ± 20 M-1, ΔH°4 = -7.0 ± 1.5 kcal mol-1, ΔS°4= -11 ± 5 cal mol-1 K-1, ΔG4(235K) = 21.3 ± 0.5 kcal mol-1, ΔG-4(235K) = 16.9 ± 0.5 kcal mol-1. The Fe-O bond is remarkably weak. The stable phenoxyl radical 2,4,6- t Bu3C6H2O (ArO) forms a stronger bond to (TMP)FeII to irreversibly make a similar FeIII(OR) complex. Both (TMP)FeII and (TMP)FeIII(OH) are catalysts for the disproportionation of excess TEMPO-H to TEMPO and TEMP-H (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperdine). The lack of reactivity between (TMP)FeII and the alkylated TEMPO-H analogue, TEMPO-CH3, suggests that the disproportionation involves a hydrogen atom transfer step. These results highlight the importance and versatility of the heme FeIII/II couple that is often overshadowed by its higher-valent counterparts.

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Accession: 055345628

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PMID: 24729854

DOI: 10.1039/C3SC52055B


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