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Rapeseed or linseed supplements in grass-based diets: effects on dairy performance of Holstein cows over 2 consecutive lactations



Rapeseed or linseed supplements in grass-based diets: effects on dairy performance of Holstein cows over 2 consecutive lactations



Journal of Dairy Science 95(4): 1956-1970



The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of long-term supplementation with different oilseeds rich in 18:1 cis-9 or 18:3n-3 fatty acids on dairy cow performance over 2 consecutive lactations. This trial involved 58 Holstein cows during the first year and 35 during the second year. During the first 5 wk of the first year, all of the cows were fed the same diet; after a 4-wk transition period, the cows received 1 of 5 treatments for 2 consecutive lactations, including the dry period. Their basal diet was supplemented or not with extruded linseeds or with different forms of rapeseeds: extruded seeds, cold-pressed fat-rich meal, or whole unprocessed seeds. Oilseed amount was calculated to provide 2.5 to 3.0% additional oil in ration dry matter. Cows were fed a grass-based diet (75% grass silage and 25% hay) during indoor periods and grazed during outdoor periods. For the first year of experimentation, oilseed supplementation had no effect on milk, fat, protein, and lactose yields, body weight, or body condition score compared with the control treatment (no oilseed supplementation). During the indoor period, extruded linseed tended to decrease dry matter intake (-1.5 kg/d), whereas all of the oilseed treatments decreased milk protein content without changing protein yield. Cold-pressed fat-rich rapeseed meal decreased milk protein content independently of the period (-0.29 and -0.19 g/100 g for indoor and outdoor periods, respectively), and whole unprocessed rapeseed increased milk fat content during the outdoor period (+0.53 g/100 g compared with the control treatment). During the second year of experimentation, the effects of oilseed supplementation during the outdoor period were similar to those observed during the first outdoor period, but the effects of oilseed supplementation differed between the 2 indoor periods. This was likely due to changes in forage quality and composition and percentage in the ration of the concentrate mixtures. Thus, the effects of oilseed supplementation depended on oilseed nature (rapeseed or linseed) and form (extruded seeds, cold-pressed fat-rich meal, or whole unprocessed seeds) in interaction with the type of basal diet (grass silage and hay or pasture) and the concentrate composition and percentage in the ration. Effects were stable during the first indoor period, repeatable between the 2 outdoor periods, and were similar to effects observed previously in short-term studies (1 to 3 mo).

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Accession: 055360704

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22459842

DOI: 10.3168/jds.2011-4575



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