Rapid determination of blood coagulation factor XIIi activity using protein arrays for serodiagnosis of human plasma
Kwon, M.-H.; Kong, D.-H.; Jung, S.-H.; Suh, I.-B.; Kim, Y.-M.; Ha, K.-S.
Analytical Chemistry 83(6): 2317-2323
We developed a novel on-chip assay using protein arrays for quantitative and rapid analysis of blood coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) activity in human plasma. FXIII is activated by concerted action of thrombin and Ca(2+) and plays essential roles in hemostasis, angiogenesis, and wound healing. We fabricated protein arrays by immobilizing fibrinogen onto the 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane layer of well-type arrays and determined FXIII activity by analyzing biotinylated fibrinogen with Cy3-conjugated streptavidin. We determined optimal concentrations of Ca(2+), thrombin, and 5-(biotinamido)pentylamine (BAPA) for the on-chip activity assay, and the detection limit was 0.01 Lowey U/mL (9.9 pM). Using the on-chip activity assay, hepatocellular carcinoma patients (n = 24), but not hepatitis (n = 24) or liver cirrhosis patients (n = 41), had significantly lower FXIII activities (p < 0.001) than normal individuals (n = 41), indicating that FXIII activity is a possible diagnostic marker for hepatocellular carcinoma. In addition, we have successfully used this activity assay to reveal individual variations (37-57%, n = 65) in the inhibition rate of FXIII activity by isoniazid, the first-line antituberculosis agent. Thus, our optimized on-chip FXIII activity assay provides a quantitative and high-throughput approach to investigating the role(s) of FXIII in human diseases. Moreover, it has a strong potential to be applied toward FXIII-related personalized medicines.