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Reactivity of polychlorinated biphenyls in nucleophilic and electrophilic substitutions

Reactivity of polychlorinated biphenyls in nucleophilic and electrophilic substitutions

Journal of Hazardous Materials 278: 491-499

To explain the chemical reactivity of polychlorinated biphenyls in nucleophilic (S(N)) and electrophilic (S(E)) substitutions, quantum chemical calculations were carried out at the B3LYP/6-31G(d) level of the Density Functional Theory in gas phase. Carbon atomic charges in biphenyl structure were calculated by the Atoms-in-Molecules method. Chemical hardness and global electrophilicity index parameters were determined for congeners. A comparison of calculated descriptors and experimental data for congener reactivity in the S(N) and S(E) reactions was made. It is shown that interactions in the S(N) mechanism are reactions of the hard acid-hard base type, these are the most effective in case of highly chlorinated substrates. To explain the congener reactivity in the SE reactions, correct descriptors were not established. The obtained results can be used to carry out chemical transformations of the polychlorinated biphenyls in order to prepare them for microbiological destruction or preservation.

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Accession: 055387856

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PMID: 25005155

DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.06.035

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