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Real-time PCR for fast detection of plasmid-mediated qnr genes in extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae



Real-time PCR for fast detection of plasmid-mediated qnr genes in extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae



Pathologie-Biologie 58(6): 430-433



To develop a fast and reliable real time PCR technique for detecting plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance genes qnrA, qnrB and qnrS. A real-time PCR assay using SYBR Green I and Roche LightCycler(®) was developed to detect qnr genes. Detection of qnr genes was based on comparison of melting temperature differences with a positive control of each qnr genes. This assay was performed to study 138 isolates collected from diagnostic and screening samples in the Champagne-Ardenne region in 2004 (France). In optimized conditions, the three positive controls tested alone and with isolates confirmed the specificity of the PCR primers. Each PCR assay was able to test 30 strains in 60min for 1 qnr gene. Out of 138 isolates screened, 3.6 % isolates were positive for a qnrA1, 1.5 % for qnrS1 and no qnrB-like gene. Prevalence of qnr determinants was 5 % and reached 9.5 % in clinical isolates. Real-time PCR is a fast and reliable technique for screening of qnr-positive strains. This study shows a relatively high prevalence of qnr determinants (5 %) among ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae.

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Accession: 055390384

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19375248

DOI: 10.1016/j.patbio.2009.03.003


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