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Real-time polymerase chain reaction microRNA detection based on enzymatic stem-loop probes ligation



Real-time polymerase chain reaction microRNA detection based on enzymatic stem-loop probes ligation



Analytical Chemistry 81(13): 5446-5451



MiRNAs (microRNAs) are a group of endogenous, small noncoding RNA with the length of 18-25 nucleotides, which have recently been demonstrated to play important roles in a wide range of biological processes. In this work, we developed a simple, sensitive, specific, and inexpensive assay through the combination of enzymatic probe ligation and real-time PCR amplification for the measurement of mature miRNAs. A couple of novel DNA probes with a stem-loop structure were implemented to reduce nonspecific ligation by at least 100-fold. The assay has several remarkable features including wide dynamic range, low total RNA input (0.02-0.2 ng), distinct anti-interference from precursor miRNAs (signal-to-noise ratio > 500), and single-base mismatch discrimination among miRNA sequences. In addition, a one-tube assay could be accomplished by designing a couple of universal probes, which makes it feasible to examine the expression of a whole family of miRNA (such as let-7) at one time. Finally, we validated the method for quantifying the expression of four mature miRNAs including miR-122, miR-1, miR-34a, and let-7a across 10 mouse tissues, where U6 snRNA could be simultaneously examined as an endogenous control. Thus, this method revealed a great potential for miRNA quantitation in ordinary laboratory studies and clinical diagnoses.

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Accession: 055392206

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19469541

DOI: 10.1021/ac900598d


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