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Recent advances in oral anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation

Recent advances in oral anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation

Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease 4(6): 395-407

Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained rhythm disturbance. Thromboembolic events related to atrial fibrillation result in significant morbidity, mortality and increases in the cost of healthcare. Anticoagulants are pivotal agents for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disorders. The latest American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines recommend antithrombotic therapy to prevent thromboembolism for all patients with atrial fibrillation, except those with lone atrial fibrillation or contraindications. Vitamin K antagonists were first synthesized in 1948 and for the past six decades they have been the only agents used for long-term oral anticoagulant therapy. Although these drugs are effective, they have numerous limitations, which have led to the development of newer anticoagulant therapies. The emerging oral anticoagulant agents are target selective. They have predictable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters and do not require routine monitoring. They are not associated with significant food and drug interactions, and can be administered in simple fixed daily or twice daily doses. This article reviews the current literature on various targets for anticoagulant therapy and newer oral anticoagulants for atrial fibrillation.

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Accession: 055398293

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 20965952

DOI: 10.1177/1753944710386844

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