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Reconstruction of chest wall defects after resection of large neoplasms: ten-year experience

Reconstruction of chest wall defects after resection of large neoplasms: ten-year experience

Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 4(3): 250-255

We review our experience in the treatment of complex large chest-wall defects needing a multidisciplinary approach due to primary or secondary neoplasms. Non-small cell lung cancer with chest-wall invasion cases are excluded. Fifteen patients underwent whole thickness resection of the chest wall due to lesions affecting at least three ribs, sternum, clavicle or thoracic spine and the surrounding soft tissue. Previously operated breast cancer and sarcoma were the most frequent diagnoses. Partial or total sternectomy plus rib resection was performed in 8 patients. Immediate closure of the defects was performed in all cases: 12 with single prosthesis placement and 3 with a rigid one of methylmethacrylate. Coverage was achieved using myocutaneous flaps in most cases and, in one case, using the greater omentum that supported a free split-thickness skin graft. No 30-days mortality was recorded. Three patients had a post-operative complication. Mean hospital stay was 11.7+/-9 days. All cases of primary tumours were alive at the time of review (range: 6-126 months). In conclusion, resection and immediate reconstruction of large chest wall defects can be accomplished without operative mortality and low morbidity whenever close cooperation between plastic and thoracic teams exists.

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Accession: 055412008

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PMID: 17670403

DOI: 10.1510/icvts.2004.103432

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