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Reconstruction of chronic Achilles tendon rupture with flexor hallucis longus tendon transfer



Reconstruction of chronic Achilles tendon rupture with flexor hallucis longus tendon transfer



Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 23(3): 306-308



To evaluate the effectiveness of interference screw and flexor hallucis longus tendon as augmentation material in repair of chronic Achilles tendon rupture. From October 2004 to June 2007, 32 patients (35 feet) with chronic Achilles tendon rupture were treated, including 21 males (22 feet) and 11 females (13 feet) and aging 32-85 years. The disease course was 4-132 days. There were 29 patients with hooflike movements history and 3 patients without obvious inducement. The result of Thompson test was positive in 31 cases (33 feet). The score was 56.09 +/- 7.25 according to the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot scoring system (AOFAS). MRI indicated that the gap of the chronic Achilles tendon rupture was 0.5-5.0 cm. Medial foot incision associated with medial heel incision or only medial heel incision was made to harvest flexor hallucis longus tendon. The tendon should be 3 cm longer than the end of the Achilles tendon, then fix the tendon to the calcaneus. Wound dehiscence occurred and wound healed after dressing change in 1 case; wound healed by first intention in other patients. Thirty-two patients were followed up for 12-32 months (mean 19.4 months). The AOFAS score was 94.22 +/- 4.63, showing statistically significant difference when compared with that before operation (P < 0.01). The results were excellent in 28 cases, good in 3 cases and fair in 1 case. No sural nerve injury, posterior tibial nerve injury, plantar painful scar, medial plantar nerve injury and lateral plantar nerve injury occurred. Flexor hallucis longus tendon transfer offers a desirable outcome in operative recovery, tendon fixation and complications.

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Accession: 055412011

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PMID: 19366140


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