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Recurrent hypoglycemia from insulin autoimmune syndrome

Recurrent hypoglycemia from insulin autoimmune syndrome

Journal of General Internal Medicine 29(1): 250-254

Insulin autoimmune syndrome (IAS) is an uncommon cause of hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia characterized by autoantibodies to endogenous insulin in individuals without previous exposure to exogenous insulin. IAS is the third leading cause of spontaneous hypoglycemia in Japan, and is increasingly being recognized worldwide in non-Asian populations. We report a case of IAS in a Caucasian woman with recurrent complaints of hypoglycemia, with laboratory findings of serum glucose 2.5 mmol/L (45 mg/dL), insulin 54,930 pmol/L (7,909 ╬╝IU/mL), connecting peptide (C-peptide) 4,104 pmol/L (12.4 ng/mL), and a corresponding insulin to C-peptide molar ratio of 13.4 during a spontaneous hypoglycemic event. Autoantibodies to insulin were markedly elevated at > 50 kU/L (> 50 U/mL). IAS should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hypoglycemia in non-diabetic individuals. Distinction from insulinoma is especially crucial to prevent unwarranted invasive procedures and surgical interventions in hypoglycemic patients.

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Accession: 055419758

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 23979685

DOI: 10.1007/s11606-013-2588-9

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