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Redox-linked conformational control of proton-coupled electron transfer: Y122 in the ribonucleotide reductase β2 subunit

Redox-linked conformational control of proton-coupled electron transfer: Y122 in the ribonucleotide reductase β2 subunit

Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 117(28): 8457-8468

Tyrosyl radicals play essential roles in biological proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) reactions. Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyzes the reduction of ribonucleotides and is vital in DNA replication in all organisms. Class Ia RNRs consist of α2 and β2 homodimeric subunits. In class Ia RNR, such as the E. coli enzyme, an essential tyrosyl radical (Y122O(•))-diferric cofactor is located in β2. Although Y122O(•) is extremely stable in free β2, Y122O(•) is highly reactive in the quaternary substrate-α2β2 complex and serves as a radical initiator in catalytic PCET between β2 and α2. In this report, we investigate the structural interactions that control the reactivity of Y122O(•) in a model system, isolated E. coli β2. Y122O(•) was reduced with hydroxyurea (HU), a radical scavenger that quenches the radical in a clinically relevant reaction. In the difference FT-IR spectrum, associated with this PCET reaction, amide I (CO) and amide II (CN/NH) bands were observed. Specific (13)C-labeling of the tyrosine C1 carbon assigned a component of these bands to the Y122-T123 amide bond. Comparison to density functional calculations on a model dipeptide, tyrosine-threonine, and structural modeling demonstrated that PCET is associated with a Y122 rotation and a 7.2 Å translation of the Y122 phenolic oxygen. To test for the functional consequences of this structural change, a proton inventory defined the origin of the large solvent isotope effect (SIE = 16.7 ± 1.0 at 25 °C) on this reaction. These data suggest that the one-electron, HU-mediated reduction of Y122O(•) is associated with two, rate-limiting (full or partial) proton transfer reactions. One is attributable to HU oxidation (SIE = 11.9, net H atom transfer), and the other is attributable to coupled, hydrogen-bonding changes in the Y122O(•)-diferric cofactor (SIE = 1.4). These results illustrate the importance of redox-linked changes to backbone and ring dihedral angles in high potential PCET and provide evidence for rate-limiting, redox-linked hydrogen-bonding interactions between Y122O(•) and the iron cluster.

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Accession: 055425268

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 23822111

DOI: 10.1021/jp404757r

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