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Relationship between organizational justice and organizational safety climate: do fairness perceptions influence employee safety behaviour?

Relationship between organizational justice and organizational safety climate: do fairness perceptions influence employee safety behaviour?

International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics 20(2): 199-211

This study investigated the relationships between organizational justice, organizational safety climate, job satisfaction, safety compliance and accident frequency. Ghanaian industrial workers participated in the study (N = 320). Safety climate and justice perceptions were assessed with Hayes, Parender, Smecko, et al.'s (1998) and Blader and Tyler's (2003) scales respectively. A median split was performed to dichotomize participants into 2 categories: workers with positive and workers with negative justice perceptions. Confirmatory factors analysis confirmed the 5-factor structure of the safety scale. Regression analyses and t tests indicated that workers with positive fairness perceptions had constructive perspectives regarding workplace safety, expressed greater job satisfaction, were more compliant with safety policies and registered lower accident rates. These findings provide evidence that the perceived level of fairness in an organization is closely associated with workplace safety perception and other organizational factors which are important for safety. The implications for safety research are discussed.

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Accession: 055467231

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 24934417

DOI: 10.1080/10803548.2014.11077045

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