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Release of TcdA and TcdB from Clostridium difficile cdi 630 is not affected by functional inactivation of the tcdE gene



Release of TcdA and TcdB from Clostridium difficile cdi 630 is not affected by functional inactivation of the tcdE gene



Microbial Pathogenesis 52(1): 92-100



The small open reading frame tcdE is located between the genes tcdA and tcdB which encode toxin A (TcdA) and B (TcdB), respectively, within the pathogenicity locus of Clostridium difficile. Sequence and structure similarities to bacteriophage-encoded holins have led to the assumption that TcdE mediates the release of the toxins from C. difficile into the extracellular environment. A TcdE-deficient C. difficile 63 strain was generated by insertional inactivation of the tcdE gene. Data revealed that TcdE does not regulate or affect growth or sporogenesis. TcdE-deficiency was accompanied by a moderately increased accumulation of TcdA and TcdB prior to sporulation in this microorganism. Interestingly, this observation did not correlate with a delayed or inhibited toxin release: inactivation of TcdE neither significantly altered kinetics of release nor the absolute level of secreted TcdA and TcdB, indicating that TcdE does not account for the pathogenicity of C. difficile strain 63. Furthermore, mass spectrometry analysis could not reveal differences in the secretome of wild type and TcdE-deficient C. difficile, indicating that TcdE did not function as a secretion system for protein release. TcdE was expressed as a 19 kDa protein in C. difficile, whereas TcdE expressed in Escherichia coli appeared as a 19 and 16 kDa protein. Expression of the short 16 kDa TcdE correlated with bacterial cell death. We conclude that TcdE does not exhibit pore-forming function in C. difficile since in these cells only the non-lytic full length 19 kDa protein is expressed.

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Accession: 055475759

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PMID: 22107906

DOI: 10.1016/j.micpath.2011.10.009



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