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Reproductive performance of gilts according to growth rate and backfat thickness at mating


Reproductive performance of gilts according to growth rate and backfat thickness at mating



Animal Reproduction Science 121(1-2): 139-144



ISSN/ISBN: 0378-4320

PMID: 20641148

DOI: 10.1016/j.anireprosci.2010.05.013

The study evaluated the influence of growth rate (GR) and backfat thickness (BF), at first mating of gilts, on the reproductive performance until the first farrowing and on the variation in birth weight of piglets. Gilts were categorized into three groups according to GR from birth until the first mating: GRI (600-700 g/d; n = 345), GRII (701-770 g/d; n = 710) and GRIII (771-870 g/d; n = 366). Analyses were also performed considering three groups formed according to BF (mm) at mating: BFI (10-15 mm; n = 405); BFII (16-17 mm; n = 649)and BFIII (18-23 mm; n = 367). There were no differences in farrowing rate and return to estrus rate among BF or GR groups (P > 0.05). GRII and GRIII females had larger litter size compared to GRI gilts (P < 0.05), respectively, 0.5 and 0.9 more piglets, but a greater percentage of intra-partum stillborns (P < 0.05) was observed in GRIII than in GRI and GRII females. Moreover GRIII females had more piglets (P < 0.05) weighing less than 1,200 g, litters with a greater coefficient of variation for birth weight and a greater percentage of litters with a coefficient of variation above 20% (P < 0.05) than GRI females. More total born and born alive piglets were observed in BFII compared with BFI females (P < 0.05). There were no differences among BF groups in number of stillborn neither in variables concerning the birth weight of piglets (P > 0.05). These results show that there is no advantage, in terms of farrowing rate and number of born alive, in performing the first mating of gilts with GR> 770 g/d and BF > 17 mm.

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Accession: 055509923

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