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Risk factors and features of critically ill patients with deep vein thrombosis in lower extremities



Risk factors and features of critically ill patients with deep vein thrombosis in lower extremities



Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing 42(3): 396-404



The purpose of this study was to identify the features, risk scores and risk factors for deep vein thrombosis in critically ill patients who developed deep vein thrombosis in their lower extremities. The participants in this prospective descriptive study were 175 adult patients who did not receive any prophylactic medication or mechanical therapy during their admission in the intensive care unit. The mean age was 62.24 (±17.28) years. Men made up 54.9% of the participating patients. There were significant differences in age, body mass index, and leg swelling between patients who developed deep vein thrombosis and those who did not have deep vein thrombosis. The mean risk score was 6.71(±2.94) and they had on average 4.01(±1.35) risk factors. In the multiple logistic regression, body mass index (odds ratio=1.14) and leg swelling (odds ratio=6.05) were significant predictors of deep vein thrombosis. Most critically ill patients are in the potentially high risk group for deep vein thrombosis. However, patients who are elderly, obese or have leg edema should be closely assessed and more than one type of active prophylactic intervention should be provided.

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Accession: 055579102

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PMID: 22854552

DOI: 10.4040/jkan.2012.42.3.396


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