+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Robust learning of affective trait associations with faces when the hippocampus is damaged, but not when the amygdala and temporal pole are damaged

Robust learning of affective trait associations with faces when the hippocampus is damaged, but not when the amygdala and temporal pole are damaged

Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 3(3): 195-203

People can form evaluative associations with faces after obtaining a small amount of behavioral information. We studied whether patients with medial temporal lobe amnesia can form such associations. Participants were presented with trustworthy- and untrustworthy-looking faces paired with positive or negative descriptions of behaviors. After the learning task, they were asked to rate the same faces on trait dimensions--trustworthiness, likeability and competence--and to make forced-choice judgments between faces. Normal young and older adults judged faces that had been associated with positive behaviors more positively than faces that had been associated with negative behaviors. A patient with hippocampal lesions showed similar learning effects. In contrast, two patients with hippocampal lesions that extended into the left amygdala and temporal pole showed little evidence of learning. All patients judged trustworthy-looking faces more positively than untrustworthy-looking faces. The findings suggest that the hippocampus is not critical for learning affective associations between traits and faces.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 055594347

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19015111

DOI: 10.1093/scan/nsn013

Related references

Temporal pole activity during perception of sad faces, but not happy faces, correlates with neuroticism trait. Neuroscience Letters 453(1): 45-48, 2009

Seeing happy emotion in fearful and angry faces: qualitative analysis of facial expression recognition in a bilateral amygdala-damaged patient. Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior 38(5): 727-742, 2002

AVP (4-8) improves concept learning in PFC-damaged but not hippocampal-damaged rats. Brain Research 919(1): 41-47, 2001

Perception of sequences of visual temporal and auditory spatial stimuli by aphasic, right hemisphere damaged, and non-brain damaged subjects. Journal of Communication Disorders 7(2): 155-169, 1974

Verbal memory in brain damaged patients under different conditions of retrieval aids: a study of frontal, temporal, and diencephalic damaged subjects. International Journal of Neuroscience 33(3-4): 237-256, 1987

Learning affective values for faces is expressed in amygdala and fusiform gyrus. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 3(2): 109-118, 2008

Robust effects of affective person learning on evaluation of faces. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 114(4): 516-528, 2018

Learning of food and water positions by hippocampus damaged rats. Physiology & Behavior 6(1): 81-83, 1971

Intracranial self-stimulation recovers learning and memory capacity in basolateral amygdala-damaged rats. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 93(1): 117-126, 2010

Wechsler Memory Scale paired-associate learning in discrimination of brain-damaged and non-brain-damaged psychiatric patients. Perceptual and Motor Skills 39(1): 227-230, 1974

Temporal pattern of synaptophysin expression in cryopreserved fetal hippocampal cells transplanted into ischemically damaged adult rat hippocampus. Cell Transplantation 4(Suppl. 1): S9, 1995

Searching for meaning in meaningless gestures, pathologic activity in amygdala, hippocampus and temporal pole during planning of gestures in schizophrenia. European Psychiatry 33: S200-S201, 2016

Affective resonance in response to others' emotional faces varies with affective ratings and psychopathic traits in amygdala and anterior insula. Social Neuroscience 11(2): 140-152, 2016

The right time and the left time: Spatial associations of temporal cues affect target detection in right brain-damaged patients. Cognitive Neuroscience 1(4): 289-295, 2010

Token test scores of three matched patient groups: left brain-damaged with aphasia; right brain-damaged without aphasia; non-brain-damaged. Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior 5(3): 264-273, 1969