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Role of the vesicular transporter VGLUT3 in retrograde release of glutamate by cerebellar Purkinje cells

Role of the vesicular transporter VGLUT3 in retrograde release of glutamate by cerebellar Purkinje cells

Journal of Neurophysiology 105(3): 1023-1032

In the cerebellum, retrograde release of glutamate (Glu) by Purkinje cells (PCs) participates in the control of presynaptic neurotransmitter release responsible for the late component of depolarization-induced suppression of excitation (DSE), as well as for depolarization-induced potentiation of inhibition (DPI). It might also participate in the depolarization-induced slow current (DISC) in PCs, although this contribution was later challenged. We also know that both DPI and DISC are soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE)-dependent processes, although the molecular nature of the vesicular transporter was not determined. In PCs, VGLUT3 is the only known vesicular glutamate transporter identified and is expressed during the same developmental frame as when DPI, DISC, and the Glu-dependent component of DSE are observed. We therefore tested the hypothesis that all these processes depend on the presence of VGLUT3 by comparing the Glu-dependent component of DSE, DPI, and DISC in nearly mature (2- to 3-wk-old) wild-type and VGLUT3 knockout mice. Our data demonstrate that, in nearly mature mice, the slow component of DSE occurs through vesicular release of Glu that involves VGLUT3. This Glu-dependent component of DSE is no longer present in fully mature mice. This study also establishes that, in nearly mature mice, DPI also depends on the presence of VGLUT3, whereas this is not the case for DISC. Finally, the unusually large basal paired-pulse facilitation observed in nearly mature VGLUT3(-/-) mice but not in adult ones suggests that some basal retrograde release of Glu occurs during development and contributes to basal concentrations of extracellular Glu.

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Accession: 055614726

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21177991

DOI: 10.1152/jn.00736.2010

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