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Role of the vestibular system in the arterial pressure response to parabolic-flight-induced gravitational changes in human subjects

Role of the vestibular system in the arterial pressure response to parabolic-flight-induced gravitational changes in human subjects

Neuroscience Letters 495(2): 121-125

Arterial pressure (AP) is known to fluctuate during parabolic-flight-induced gravitational changes in human subjects, increasing during hypergravity and decreasing during microgravity. In this study, we examined whether the vestibular system participates in the AP response to the gravitational changes induced by parabolic flight in human subjects. Eight subjects performed parabolic flights in a supine position as their AP was measured. Their vestibular inputs during the gravitational changes were reversibly masked by artificial electrical stimulation (galvanic vestibular stimulation, GVS). The AP responses during the parabolas were then compared between the GVS-off and GVS-on conditions. AP increased during hypergravity and decreased during microgravity. The AP responses at the onset of hypergravity and microgravity were abolished by GVS. These results indicate that the vestibular system elicits pressor and depressor responses during parabolic-flight-induced hypergravity and microgravity, respectively.

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Accession: 055614727

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21440600

DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2011.03.052

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