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Role of the vitamin D in leprosy

Role of the vitamin D in leprosy

American Journal of the Medical Sciences 343(6): 471-482

There is an evidence of abnormal metabolism in the vitamin D endocrine system of patients with leprosy. Bone deformities usually occur in patients with leprosy. Genetic factors, such as the vitamin D receptor, the major histocompatibility complex region, chromosome 20, human toll-like receptors, the natural resistance-associated macrophage protein 1, the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain containing 2, phosphate-regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidase on the X chromosome and the tyrosine kinase growth factor receptor-ErbB-2, contribute to both vitamin D status and leprosy. The role of vitamin D in leprosy has been demonstrated by its effects on Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccination, vascular endothelial growth factor, prostaglandins, reactive oxygen species, reactive nitrogen intermediates, matrix metalloproteinases, antiphospholipid syndrome and the nerve growth factor. Vitamin D plays a definite role in leprosy. Vitamin D, itself, may effect on leprosy through the vitamin D receptors or may influence leprosy through indirect effects.

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Accession: 055614733

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22170299

DOI: 10.1097/MAJ.0b013e318232a6cf

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