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Safe implementation of laparoscopic gastrectomy in a community-based general surgery practice

Safe implementation of laparoscopic gastrectomy in a community-based general surgery practice

Surgical Endoscopy 23(2): 356-362

This study reviewed a 3-year experience with the implementation of laparoscopic gastrectomy at a community hospital. A retrospective chart review identified all patients that underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy between January 2004 and March 2007. Patient demographics, tumor characteristics, length of stay, operative time, and short-term outcomes (postoperative complications and death) were examined. A total of 49 patients were identified; 25 (51%) were male. Median age was 68 years (range 31-90 years). Thirty-five (71%) and seven (14%) patients presented with adenocarcinoma and gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), respectively. Median operative time was 169 min (range 23-387 min). Conversion to open laparotomy was necessary in six cases (12%). Median length of stay was 5 days (range 0-48 days). There were four (8.2%) postoperative deaths, and eight major complications, which included: myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, duodenal stump leak, bleeding, dehiscence, anastomotic leak, and obstruction. Of patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrectomy with curative intent, 36/38 (95%) underwent R0 resection. Median number of lymph nodes that were pathologically evaluated was 11 (range 1-27). To our knowledge, this is the first study to report on the implementation of laparoscopic gastrectomy in a community hospital setting. Laparoscopic gastrectomy can be performed safely in a community hospital setting with operative times and length of stay that are comparable to open cases. Our short-term outcomes are comparable with existing studies from academic/university centers.

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Accession: 055640299

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 18461389

DOI: 10.1007/s00464-008-9941-9

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