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Screening and identification of low temperature-adapted antagonistic Bacillus isolated from Kekexili region of West China and the analysis of the isolates lipopeptide compounds

Screening and identification of low temperature-adapted antagonistic Bacillus isolated from Kekexili region of West China and the analysis of the isolates lipopeptide compounds

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 24(1): 149-155

The research and exploitation of special microbial resources in extreme environment is of scientific significance and has broad applied prospect. In this paper, eight Bacillus strains isolated from the vegetation rhizospheres in Kekexili extreme region of Qinghai Province and presented good growth status at low temperature 4 and 10 degrees C were identified. Through physiological and biochemical analysis, rep-PCR fingerprinting, and 16S rDNA and gyrB partial sequence analyses, the eight strains were identified as Bacillus mojavensis (3 isolates), Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (1 isolate), and Bacillus simplex (4 isolates). The agar plate antagonistic test showed that four of the isolates presented distinct antagonistic activity to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. The MALDI-TOF-MS analysis showed that the strain KKD1 (B. mojavensis) produced fengycin and surfactin, whereas the strain KKD2 (B. amyloliquefaciens) produced iturin A, surfactin and fengycin, suggesting that the bio-control efficacy of the Bacillus strains could be related to the synthesis and excretion of the antifungal lipopeptide compounds. This study provided the bacterial resources for the research and exploitation of low temperature-adapted Bacillus bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides.

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Accession: 055670182

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PMID: 23718003

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