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Screening of wild barley genotypes with high phosphorus use efficiency and their rhizosphere soil inorganic phosphorus fractions



Screening of wild barley genotypes with high phosphorus use efficiency and their rhizosphere soil inorganic phosphorus fractions



Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 24(10): 2821-2830



A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the differences of 16 wild barley genotypes in phosphorus (P) uptake and use efficiency under the same P supply levels and the characteristics of inorganic P fractions in rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils of high P use efficiency genotypes. There existed greater differences in the P use efficiency for dry matter production at jointing stage (CV = 11.6%) and flowering stage (CV = 12.4%), and in the P use efficiency for grain yield at maturing stage (CV = 13.7%) among the genotypes. The biomass, P accumulation amount, and P use efficiency for dry matter production of high P use efficiency genotypes (IS-22-30 and IS-22-25) were significantly higher than those of low P use efficiency genotype (IS-07-07), and the grain yield of IS-22-30 and IS-22-25 was 3.10 and 3.20 times of that of IS-07-07, respectively. When supplied 0 and 30 mg x P kg(-1), the concentrations of available P and water soluble P in rhizosphere soils were significantly lower than those in non-rhizosphere soils, especially for the water soluble P. The concentrations of inorganic P fractions in the rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils were in the order of Ca10-P > O-P > Fe-P > Al-P > Ca2-P > Ca8-P. When supplied 30 mg x P kg(-1), the Ca8-P concentration in high P use efficiency genotypes rhizosphere soils at jointing and flowering stages was significantly lower than that in low P use efficiency genotype rhizosphere soil, but the Ca2-P concentration was in adverse. When no P was supplied, the concentrations of Ca2-P and Ca8-P in high P use efficiency genotypes rhizosphere soils were significantly higher than those in low P use efficiency genotype rhizosphere soil, and the Ca10-P concentration in the rhizosphere soils of all genotypes decreased. When supplied 30 mg x P kg(-1), the Fe-P and O-P concentrations in high P use efficiency genotypes rhizosphere soils were significantly higher than that in low P use efficiency genotype rhizosphere soil, but the Al-P concentration presented an opposite trend. Under no P supply, the Al-P, Fe-P, and O-P concentrations in high P use efficiency genotypes rhizosphere soils were significantly lower than those in low P use efficiency genotype rhizosphere soil. It was suggested that under low P stress, the capabilities of high P use efficiency genotypes in activating and absorbing soil A1-P and Ca2-P were stronger than those of low P use efficiency genotype.

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Accession: 055674147

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PMID: 24483076


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