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Selectivity in capillary electrophoresis:  application to chiral separations with cyclodextrins



Selectivity in capillary electrophoresis:  application to chiral separations with cyclodextrins



Analytical Chemistry 69(3): 385-392



In order to accurately evaluate the performances of any electrolyte medium, a clear concept of selectivity in capillary electrophoresis and related electroseparation techniques is proposed. Selectivity is defined as the ratio of the affinity factors of both analytes for a separating agent (phase, pseudophase, or complexing agent present in the background electrolyte). When in the presence of a complexing agent and if only 1:1 complexation occurs, selectivity corresponds to the ratio of the apparent binding constants and is independent of the concentration of the complexing agent. This concept is illustrated through the separations of neutral and anionic enantiomers in the presence of a cationic cyclodextrin, the mono(6-amino-6-deoxy)-β-cyclodextrin, as a chiral complexing agent. The values obtained for different pairs of enantiomers are discussed with regard to the functional groups that distinguish them. When the analytes have the same mobilities in free solution and in their complexed form, then the resolution equation developed in micellar electrokinetic chromatography may be applied and optimum conditions (affinity factors, chiral agent concentration) can be predicted.

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Accession: 055697856

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21639190

DOI: 10.1021/ac960606z


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