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Severe intravascular haemolysis as delayed manifestation of perivalvular leak in patients with mitral valve replacement: a report of two cases

Severe intravascular haemolysis as delayed manifestation of perivalvular leak in patients with mitral valve replacement: a report of two cases

Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents 23(4): 269-272

Haemolytic anaemia following mitral valve replacement is uncommon, however in patients who suffer from some degree of perivalvular leak, severe and potentially fatal recurrent intravascular haemolysis can be an annoying problem. We report the cases of two patients with severe haemolytic anaemia observed some years after mitral valve replacement. In one of the two patients the presence of an association between a valvular leak after mitral valve replacement and a calcific atrial wall produced severe and recurrent haemolysis that required multiple blood transfusions. In the second patient the presence of a single valvular leak after mitral valve replacement induced an episode of haemolytic anaemia some years after the operation. These cases point out that in case of unexplained worsening anaemia, a transthoracic (TT) and transesophageal (TE) echocardiogram should be performed, and the possibility of atrial wall alterations in the producing of anaemia should be kept in consideration. In these cases reoperation resolved the recurrence of anemization.

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Accession: 055739920

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PMID: 20003766

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