+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Sexual behavior, pregnancy, and schooling among young people in urban South Africa



Sexual behavior, pregnancy, and schooling among young people in urban South Africa



Studies in Family Planning 39(4): 351-368



This study examines transitions in schooling, sexual activity, and pregnancy among adolescents and young adults in urban South Africa. Data are analyzed from the Cape Area Panel Study (CAPS), a recently collected longitudinal survey of young adults and their families in metropolitan Cape Town. We find that teen pregnancy is not entirely inconsistent with continued schooling, especially for African (black) women. More than 50 percent of African women who were pregnant at age 16 or 17 were enrolled in school the following year. We estimate probit regressions to identify the impact of individual and household characteristics on sexual debut, pregnancy, and school dropout between 2002 and 2005. We find that male and female students who performed well on a literacy and numeracy exam administered in 2002 were less likely than those who performed more poorly to become sexually active and less likely to drop out of school by 2005. Surprisingly, 14-16-year-olds who had completed more grades in school in 2002, conditional on their age, were more likely than those who had completed fewer grades to have become sexually active by 2005, a potential indicator of peer effects resulting from the wide dispersion in age per grade in South African schools. Overall, this study shows the importance of accounting for a measure that reflects the knowledge and skills of young people in an examination of their transitions to adulthood.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 055747518

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19248720


Related references

Sexual behavior, pregnancy, and schooling among young people in urban South Africa. Studies In Family Planning: 4, 351-368, 2008

Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in Sub-Saharan Africa || Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy, and Schooling among Young People in Urban South Africa. Studies in Family Planning 39(4): 351-368, 2008

Material deprivation affects high sexual risk behavior among young people in urban slums, South Africa. Journal of Urban Health 91(3): 581-591, 2014

Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in Sub-Saharan Africa || Young People's Sexual Partnerships in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: Patterns, Contextual Influences, and Hiv Risk. Studies in Family Planning 39(4): 295-308, 2008

Effect of Schooling on Age-Disparate Relationships and Number of Sexual Partners Among Young Women in Rural South Africa Enrolled in HPTN 068. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 76(5): E107-E114, 2017

Young people's sexual health in South Africa: HIV prevalence and sexual behaviors from a nationally representative household survey. Aids 19(14): 1525-1534, 2005

'Bus Fare Please': The Economics of Sex and Gifts among Young People in Urban South Africa. Culture, Health & Sexuality 6(5): 377-391, 2004

'Bus fare please': the economics of sex and gifts among young people in urban South Africa. Culture, Health and Sexuality 6(5): 377-391, 2004

A survey of the sexual values and behavior among urban unmarried young people in the nineties. Chinese Journal of Population Science 9(3): 265-268, 1997

Gender differences in unsafe sexual behavior among young people in urban Mali. Aids Care 21(8): 1014-1024, 2009

Prevalence and correlates of concurrent sexual partnerships among young people in South Africa. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 37(2): 105-108, 2010

HIV and sexual behavior among young people: the South African paradox. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 35(10): 843-844, 2008

Sexual behavior and reproductive health among HIV-infected patients in urban and rural South Africa. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 47(4): 484-493, 2008

Conflict and care in sexual and reproductive health services for young mothers in urban South Africa. Culture Health and Sexuality 2019: 1-15, 2019

A tale of two countries: rethinking sexual risk for HIV among young people in South Africa and the United States. Journal of Adolescent Health 49(3): 237-243.E1, 2011