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Silica colloidal crystals for enhanced fluorescence detection in microarrays

Silica colloidal crystals for enhanced fluorescence detection in microarrays

Analytical Chemistry 79(10): 3867-3872

Silica colloidal crystals were investigated for their potential as high surface area materials to enhance sensitivity over planar surfaces for microarrays using fluorescence detection. A relation was derived showing how crystal thickness and transmission, as well as colloid size, combine to determine the optically accessible surface area for enhancing sensitivity. Experimentally, crystals of 250-nm colloids were prepared with thicknesses determined by SEM to be 1.6, 4.2, and 11.0 microm. The material was sintered at 1000 degrees C to make it durable without affecting the crystalline structure, as confirmed by SEM. UV/visible spectrometry showed the depth of penetration (1/e) to be 8.4 microm at 488 nm for these materials. Fluorescein-labeled streptavidin and biotin were used as a model ligand-receptor pair. For the fluorescence measurements, biotin was covalently bonded to the silica surfaces, and the fluorescence was detected from the captured streptavidin-fluorescein. The observed fluorescence enhancement agreed well with the theory developed here. Compared to a planar surface, the colloidal crystal of 11.0 microm in thickness enhanced the fluorescence by nearly a factor of 80, with only a 0.3% increase in fluorescence background.

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Accession: 055776647

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PMID: 17419588

DOI: 10.1021/ac0700474

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