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Simulated effect of corneal asphericity increase (Q-factor) as a refractive therapy for presbyopia



Simulated effect of corneal asphericity increase (Q-factor) as a refractive therapy for presbyopia



Journal of Refractive Surgery 28(6): 413-418



To determine the theoretical effect of an increase in the negative Q-factor (hyperprolateness) on the refractive state and its effect on presbyopia treatment. Ray tracing software was used to simulate the Navarro eye model. To simulate refractive therapy, corneal Q-factor ranged from 0 to -1.50. Refractive state of the model eye was defined as the target vergence required to maximize retinal image quality according to several image quality metrics. The change of refractive state produced by pupil constriction from 6 to 2 mm was estimated. For 0 ≥ Q ≥ -0.6, spherical aberration of the model eye is positive, therefore, pupil miosis causes a hypermetropic shift in refractive state. Over the range -0.6 ≥ Q ≥ -1.5, spherical aberration becomes negative and pupil constriction causes the eye's far point to approach the eye, inducing a myopic shift. A maximum 0.60-diopter myopic shift in refractive state due to pupil constriction occurred for Q=-1.25. Optical modeling predicts that surgically induced negative corneal Q-value will produce a change in the refractive state of the eye after pupillary miosis.

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Accession: 055783155

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PMID: 22692523


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