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Simulating dense QCD matter with ultracold atomic boson-fermion mixtures



Simulating dense QCD matter with ultracold atomic boson-fermion mixtures



Physical Review Letters 103(8): 085301



We delineate, as an analog of two-flavor dense quark matter, the phase structure of a many-body mixture of atomic bosons and fermions in two internal states with a tunable boson-fermion attraction. The bosons b correspond to diquarks, and the fermions f to unpaired quarks. For weak b-f attraction, the system is a mixture of a Bose-Einstein condensate and degenerate fermions, while for strong attraction composite b-f fermions N, analogs of the nucleon, are formed, which are superfluid due to the N-N attraction in the spin-singlet channel. We determine the symmetry breaking patterns at finite temperature as a function of the b-f coupling strength, and relate the phase diagram to that of dense QCD.

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Accession: 055783476

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PMID: 19792735

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.085301


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