Simultaneous determination of DL-lactic acid and DL-3-hydroxybutyric acid enantiomers in saliva of diabetes mellitus patients by high-throughput LC-ESI-MS/MS
Tsutsui, H.; Mochizuki, T.; Maeda, T.; Noge, I.; Kitagawa, Y.; Min, J.Z.; Todoroki, K.; Inoue, K.; Toyo'oka, T.
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 404(6-7): 1925-1934
ISSN/ISBN: 1618-2650 PMID: 22895741 DOI: 10.1007/s00216-012-6320-0
A simultaneous determination method for the enantiomers of chiral carboxylic acids by the combination of ultraperformance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) has been developed. (S)(+)-1-(2-Pyrrolidinylmethyl)-pyrrolidine (S-PMP) was used as the derivatization reagent for the high-throughput determination of biological chiral carboxylic acids, i.e., lactic acid (LA) and 3-hydroxybutyric acid (HA). The S-PMP efficiently reacted with the carboxylic acids under mild conditions at room temperature in the presence of 2,2'-dipyridyl disulfide and triphenylphosphine. The resulting S-PMP derivatives were highly responsive in the electrospray ionization (ESI)-MS operating in the positive-ion mode and gave characteristic product ions during the MS/MS, which enabled the sensitive detection using selected reaction monitoring. The derivatization was effective for the enantiomeric separation of the chiral carboxylic acids, and the resolution values of DL-LA and DL-HA were 4.91 and 9.37, respectively. Furthermore, a rapid separation of the derivatives of DL-LA and DL-HA within 7 min was performed using the UPLC system. The limits of detection on the column were in the low femtogram range (5-12 fg). The proposed procedure was successfully applied for the determination of the D- and L-isomers of LA and HA in the saliva of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients and healthy volunteers. The D-LA in DM patients was clearly higher than that in normal subjects. The derivatization followed by UPLC-ESI-MS/MS enabled the enantiomeric separation and detection of trace amounts of LA and HA in human saliva with a simple pretreatment and small sample volume.