Simultaneous determination of seven bufadienolides in rat plasma after oral administration of Shexiang Baoxin Pill by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry: application to a pharmacokinetic study
Wang, S.; Peng, C.; Jiang, P.; Fu, P.; Tao, J.; Han, L.; Huang, H.; Chang, W.; Li, L.; Zhang, W.; Liu, R.
Journal of Chromatography. B Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences 967: 255-263
ISSN/ISBN: 1873-376X PMID: 25129411 DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2014.07.038
A liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry method was described for the simultaneous determination of resibufogenin, bufalin, gamabufotalin, telibufagin, arenobufagin, cinobufagin and bufotalin in rat plasma. Plasma samples were pretreated by liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate. Chromatographic separation was carried out on an ACQUITY HSS T3 column with gradient elution using mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid in water at a flow rate of 0.3 mL/min. All analytes showed good linearity over a wide concentration range (r>0.99). The lower limit of quantification was in the range of 0.5-10 ng/mL for seven bufadienolides. The mean recovery of the analytes ranged from 94.36 to 104.18%. The intra- and inter-day precisions were in the range of 1.74-13.78% and the accuracies were between 89.37 and 101.38%. The validated method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic (PK) study of the seven bufadienolides in rat plasma after oral administration of Shexiang Baoxin Pill (SBP). The selected PK marker compounds with typical efficacy/toxicity may provide a practical solution for marker compound selection and dosage design for the therapeutic drug monitoring and PK study of SBP in its clinical applications.