Six-shogaol inhibits production of tumour necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-1 beta and nitric oxide from lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages

Levy, A.S.A.; Simon, O.R.

West Indian Medical Journal 58(4): 295-300


ISSN/ISBN: 0043-3144
PMID: 20099767
Accession: 055804805

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We previously reported that 6-shogaol, a phenolic compound from ginger has antiinflammatory properties in a Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) model of mono-arthritic rats. In the present study, we investigated the effects of 6-shogaol on the production of inflammatory mediators from lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activated RAW 264.7 macrophages. These mediators (TNF-alpha, IL-1-beta and NO) and their output from macrophages are involved in various pathophysiological events of chronic inflammation and arthritis. Effects of 6-shogaol were investigated on the production of the mediators TNF-alpha, IL-1-beta and NO (measured as nitrate)from macrophages. Lipopolysaccharide activated RAW 264.7 macrophages were cultured in the presence and absence of 6-shogaol (2 microM, 10 microM and 20 microM) and ELISA was used to quantify the output of the mediators. 6-shogoal (2 microM, 10 microM and 20 microM) significantly inhibited the production of nitric oxide (NO), IL-1beta and TNF-alpha from the LPS activated RAW264.7 macrophages. The results suggest that macrophages are targets for the anti-inflammatory effects of 6-shogaol. Also, the inhibitory effects against TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and NO production from LPS activated macrophages are cellular mechanisms by which 6-shogaol produced its anti-inflammatory effects. These mechanisms provide an explanation of the protection by 6-shogaol against development of joint inflammation and cartilage degradation in CFA induced mono-arthritis that we previously demonstrated (1). Based on these results with 6-shogaol, there is evidence that it exhibits exploitable anti-inflammatory properties.