+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Smoking in help-seeking veterans with PTSD returning from Afghanistan and Iraq



Smoking in help-seeking veterans with PTSD returning from Afghanistan and Iraq



Addictive Behaviors 33(11): 1448-1453



Past research has shown that veterans and individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have increased rates of smoking. However, the rates of smoking in younger help-seeking veterans returning from Afghanistan and Iraq, and possible correlates of smoking among this population are unknown. In this study, we evaluated the rate of lifetime and current smoking among a sample of 90 returning male veterans diagnosed with PTSD. Fifty-nine percent reported a lifetime history of smoking including 32% that were current smokers. Current smokers were significantly younger than non-smokers. Current smokers (mean age=31) reported a mean age of smoking onset as 15.86 with a pack year history of 8.89. These smokers reported on average five previous quit attempts. According to a stages of change model, one-half of the smokers were in the contemplation phase of stopping smoking (50%), 29% were in the pre-contemplation phase and 21% were in the preparation phase. The results are placed in the context of non-psychiatric and psychiatric smokers.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 055822740

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 18571871

DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2008.05.007


Related references

Influence of PTSD symptom clusters on smoking status among help-seeking Iraq and Afghanistan veterans. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 11(10): 1189-1195, 2009

PTSD detection and symptom presentation: Racial/ethnic differences by gender among veterans with PTSD returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Journal of Affective Disorders 189: 10-16, 2016

Trauma centrality and PTSD in veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Journal of Traumatic Stress 23(4): 496-499, 2010

PTSD, combat injury, and headache in Veterans Returning from Iraq/Afghanistan. Headache 49(9): 1267-1276, 2009

Female Veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan seeking care from VA specialized PTSD Programs: comparison with male veterans and female war zone veterans of previous eras. Journal of Women's Health 19(4): 751-757, 2010

Why are Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans seeking PTSD disability compensation at unprecedented rates?. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 27(5): 520-526, 2013

Treatment-seeking barriers for veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts who screen positive for PTSD. Psychiatric Services 64(3): 280-283, 2013

Deliberate self-harm and suicidal ideation among male Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans seeking treatment for PTSD. Journal of Traumatic Stress 27(4): 474-477, 2014

Mental health disorders and PTSD increase non-mental health services utilization: A study of 180,324 veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan seen at department of veterans affairs facilities. 2008

PTSD symptom clusters in relationship to alcohol misuse among Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans seeking post-deployment VA health care. Addictive Behaviors 35(9): 840-843, 2010

Does PTSD moderate the relationship between social support and suicide risk in Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans seeking mental health treatment?. Depression and Anxiety 27(11): 1001-1005, 2010

The role of coping, resilience, and social support in mediating the relation between PTSD and social functioning in veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Psychiatry 75(2): 135-149, 2012

History of loss of consciousness with mild traumatic brain injury affects PTSD symptom presentation in treatment-seeking Iraq/Afghanistan veterans. Brain Injury 30(13-14): 1561-1569, 2016

Iraq and Afghanistan veterans with PTSD participate less in VA's weight loss program than those without PTSD. Journal of Affective Disorders 193: 289-294, 2016

Anger, hostility, and aggression among Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans reporting PTSD and subthreshold PTSD. Journal of Traumatic Stress 20(6): 945-954, 2007