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Smoking in help-seeking veterans with PTSD returning from Afghanistan and Iraq

Smoking in help-seeking veterans with PTSD returning from Afghanistan and Iraq

Addictive Behaviors 33(11): 1448-1453

Past research has shown that veterans and individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have increased rates of smoking. However, the rates of smoking in younger help-seeking veterans returning from Afghanistan and Iraq, and possible correlates of smoking among this population are unknown. In this study, we evaluated the rate of lifetime and current smoking among a sample of 90 returning male veterans diagnosed with PTSD. Fifty-nine percent reported a lifetime history of smoking including 32% that were current smokers. Current smokers were significantly younger than non-smokers. Current smokers (mean age=31) reported a mean age of smoking onset as 15.86 with a pack year history of 8.89. These smokers reported on average five previous quit attempts. According to a stages of change model, one-half of the smokers were in the contemplation phase of stopping smoking (50%), 29% were in the pre-contemplation phase and 21% were in the preparation phase. The results are placed in the context of non-psychiatric and psychiatric smokers.

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Accession: 055822740

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 18571871

DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2008.05.007

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