+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Smoking prevalence in Type 2 diabetes: results of the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) and the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey (GNHIES)



Smoking prevalence in Type 2 diabetes: results of the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) and the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey (GNHIES)



Diabetic Medicine 26(8): 791-797



Smoking contributes to the development of diabetes and diabetes-related complications. Currently, data on smoking prevalence in subjects with diabetes in Germany are lacking. The aim of our analysis was to determine smoking prevalence in adults with Type 2 diabetes mellitus using data from the two population-based studies in Germany. From the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) (n = 4283) and the 1998 German National Health Interview and Examination Survey (GNHIES 98) (n = 6663) subjects aged 20-79 years were investigated. Descriptive statistics on smoking prevalence and behaviours were calculated for Type 2 diabetes mellitus and compared with the general population using weightings reflecting the European adult population. Overall, the prevalence of current smokers was lower among persons with than without Type 2 diabetes mellitus in SHIP (17.3% vs. 38.0%) and in GNHIES 98 (24.7% vs. 32.1%). Only in men, there were more former smokers in Type 2 diabetic patients than in subjects without diabetes in both studies. Among current and former smokers, the number of cigarettes smoked was higher among persons with than without Type 2 diabetes mellitus. For men, this finding was consistent in SHIP and GNHIES 98, while in women, this difference was only observed in GNHIES 98. The associations between smoking and Type 2 diabetes mellitus are likely to reflect behavioural changes secondary to illness or medical counselling. The high proportion of current smokers among Type 2 diabetic patients, particularly men, should be monitored in repeated surveys following the introduction of disease management programmes.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 055823021

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19709149

DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2009.02784.x


Related references

Health Risk drinking and problematic consumption of alcohol in Pomerania: comparative analysis of the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) compared with the Federal German Health and Examination Survey in 1998. Gesundheitswesen ) 67(1): 39-47, 2005

The incidence of hypertension and its risk factors in the German adult population: results from the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey 1998 and the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults 2008-2011. Journal of Hypertension 35(2): 250-258, 2016

Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP): A health examination survey in an east German region: Objectives and design. Sozial und Praeventivmedizin 46(3): 186-194, 2001

Prevalence of markers for hepatitis A, B and C in the German population. Results of the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey 1998. European Journal of Epidemiology 17(5): 429-435, 2001

Prevalence of smoking in the adult population of Germany: results of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1). Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz 56(5-6): 802-808, 2014

Prevalence and comorbidity of diabetes mellitus among non-institutionalized older adults in Germany - results of the national telephone health interview survey 'German Health Update (GEDA)' 2009. Bmc Public Health 13: 166, 2013

Prevalence and temporal trend of known diabetes mellitus: results of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1). Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz 56(5-6): 668-677, 2014

On the association between diabetes and mental disorders in a community sample: results from the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey. Diabetes Care 26(6): 1841-1846, 2003

Prevalence of mental health problems among children and adolescents in Germany: results of the BELLA study within the National Health Interview and Examination Survey. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 17 Suppl 1: 22-33, 2009

Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP): a health survey in an East German region. Objectives and design of the oral health section. Quintessence International 34(5): 370-378, 2003

Prevalence of mental disorders in the elderly long-term unemployed. Comparison of results of the project KompAQT and the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey. Neuropsychiatrie 25(1): 36-43, 2011

Smoking and passive smoking exposure in young people: results of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS). Deutsches Arzteblatt International 105(15): 265-271, 2008

Random glucose is useful for individual prediction of type 2 diabetes: results of the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP). Primary Care Diabetes 7(1): 25-31, 2013

The influence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes on periodontal disease progression: prospective results from the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP). Diabetes Care 35(10): 2036-2042, 2013

A comparison of prevalence estimates for selected health indicators and chronic diseases or conditions from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, the National Health Interview Survey, and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007-2008. Preventive Medicine 54(6): 381-387, 2012