+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Socio-economic, socio-political and socio-emotional variables explaining school bullying: a country-wide multilevel analysis

Socio-economic, socio-political and socio-emotional variables explaining school bullying: a country-wide multilevel analysis

Aggressive Behavior 35(6): 520-529

Why do some countries, regions and schools have more bullying than others? What socio-economic, socio-political and other larger contextual factors predict school bullying? These open questions inspired this study with 53.316 5th- and 9th-grade students (5% of the national student population in these grades), from 1,000 schools in Colombia. Students completed a national test of citizenship competencies, which included questions about bullying and about families, neighborhoods and their own socio-emotional competencies. We combined these data with community violence and socio-economic conditions of all Colombian municipalities, which allowed us to conduct multilevel analyses to identify municipality- and school-level variables predicting school bullying. Most variance was found at the school level. Higher levels of school bullying were related to more males in the schools, lower levels of empathy, more authoritarian and violent families, higher levels of community violence, better socio-economic conditions, hostile attributional biases and more beliefs supporting aggression. These results might reflect student, classroom and school contributions because student-level variables were aggregated at the school level. Although in small portions, violence from the decades-old-armed conflict among guerrillas, paramilitaries and governmental forces predicted school bullying at the municipal level for 5th graders. For 9th graders, inequality in land ownership predicted school bullying. Neither poverty, nor population density or homicide rates contributed to explaining bullying. These results may help us advance toward understanding how the larger context relates to school bullying, and what socio-emotional competencies may help us prevent the negative effects of a violent and unequal environment.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 055831544

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19739091

DOI: 10.1002/ab.20320

Related references

Association of some socio-economic and socio-demographic variables with wasting among pre-school children of North Bengal, India. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences 25(1): 63-72, 2015

Problems of the occupationally handicapped as a socio-political and socio-economic task. Zeitschrift für die Gesamte Hygiene und ihre Grenzgebiete 23(10): 782-785, 1977

Socio-economic status and socio-emotional health of orphans in South Africa. Journal of Community Health 40(1): 92, 2015

Extent of adoption with respect to some socio-economic, socio-personal and socio-psychological factors in case of Boro Paddy cultivation. Journal of Interacademicia 7(1): 105-110, 2003

Measurement of farm households' socio-economic and socio psychological variables: a paradigm for evolving a more appropriate method. Journal of Agriculture and Social Research JASR 5(1): 90-95, 2005

On the absence of a 'Socio-emotional Enablement' discourse component in international socio-economic development thought. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences 18(4): 424-436, 2004

A study of socio-personal, socio-economic and socio-psychological attributes of respondent paddy growers of Sitamarhi district of Bihar state and their constraints. Agriculture Update: 3 4, 320-322, 2008

Socio-odontologic investigation of school children with high and low caries frequency. I. Socio-economic background. Odontologisk Revy 21(2): 207-228, 1970

School socio-economic status and student socio-academic achievement goals in upper secondary contexts. Social Psychology of Education 19(1): 175-194, 2016

The Role of Socio-political and Economic Factors in Fertility Decline: A Cross-country Analysis. World Development 87: 360-370, 2016

Socio-odontologic investigation of school children with high and low caries frequency. V. Socio-economic factors and dental condition in the parents. Odontologisk Revy 24(1): 59-74, 1973

The need for and use of socio-economic scenarios for climate change analysis A new approach based on shared socio-economic pathways. Global Environmental Change 22(4), 2012

Socio-political organization in the Aceramic Neolithic of southwestern Asia: The complex evolution of socio-political complexity. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 54: 17-30, 2019

The role of behavioural factors in explaining socio-economic differences in adolescent health: a multilevel study in 33 countries. Social Science and Medicine 69(3): 396-403, 2009

Between Economic-Technical and Socio-Political Rationality: Multilevel Decision Making in a Multinational Organisation. Irish Journal of Psychology 13(1): 32-50, 1992