Sodium-dependent inactivation of sodium/calcium exchange in transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells
Chernysh, O.; Condrescu, M.; Reeves, J.P.
American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology 295(4): C872-C882
High concentrations of cytosolic Na(+) ions induce the time-dependent formation of an inactive state of the Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX), a process known as Na(+)-dependent inactivation. NCX activity was measured as Ca(2+) uptake in fura 2-loaded Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing the wild-type (WT) NCX or mutants that are hypersensitive (F223E) or resistant (K229Q) to Na(+)-dependent inactivation. As expected, 1) Na(+)-dependent inactivation was promoted by high cytosolic Na(+) concentration, 2) the F223E mutant was more susceptible than the WT exchanger to inactivation, whereas the K229Q mutant was resistant, and 3) inactivation was enhanced by cytosolic acidification. However, in contrast to expectations from excised patch studies, 1) the WT exchanger was resistant to Na(+)-dependent inactivation unless cytosolic pH was reduced, 2) reducing cellular phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate levels did not induce Na(+)-dependent inactivation in the WT exchanger, 3) Na(+)-dependent inactivation did not increase the half-maximal cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration for allosteric Ca(2+) activation, 4) Na(+)-dependent inactivation was not reversed by high cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations, and 5) Na(+)-dependent inactivation was partially, but transiently, reversed by an increase in extracellular Ca(2+) concentration. Thus Na(+)-dependent inactivation of NCX expressed in CHO cells differs in several respects from the inactivation process measured in excised patches. The refractoriness of the WT exchanger to Na(+)-dependent inactivation suggests that this type of inactivation is unlikely to be a strong regulator of exchange activity under physiological conditions but would probably act to inhibit NCX-mediated Ca(2+) influx during ischemia.