Solid phase synthesis of peptide-selenoesters
Ghassemian, A.; Vila-Farrés, X.; Alewood, P.F.; Durek, T.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 21(12): 3473-3478
ISSN/ISBN: 1464-3391 PMID: 23608106 DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2013.03.076
The synthesis of proteins by native chemical ligation greatly enhances the application of chemistry to complex molecules such as proteins. The essential building blocks for this approach traditionally have been peptide-thioester segments that are linked chemoselectively in consecutive reactions. By using peptide selenoesters instead of thioesters, the ligation rate can be significantly accelerated permitting couplings at difficult sites and potentially enabling new ligation strategies. To facilitate the routine synthesis of selenoester peptides, a general and straightforward procedure has been developed that generates a suitably functionalized resin from which the desired selenoester peptide can be readily synthesized. This simple approach utilizes readily available and cheap chemical agents and enables production of peptide selenoesters of excellent quality in short time and with high recovery. In addition, the stability of peptide selenoesters was examined under different native chemical ligation conditions and compared to thioesters. Selenoesters are slightly more reactive and more susceptible to hydrolysis and aminolysis than thioesters but sufficiently stable under mildly acidic conditions (pH 6.5). Under these conditions, rapid selenoester-mediated ligation is kinetically favoured.