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Spontaneous formation of super water-repellent fractal surfaces in mixed wax systems



Spontaneous formation of super water-repellent fractal surfaces in mixed wax systems



Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 112(46): 14620



Alkylketene dimers (AKDs) and triglyceride waxes form fractal surfaces spontaneously and show super water-repellent property. Spontaneous formation of fractal structures on their surfaces takes place when the meta-stable crystalline phase of the waxes transforms to the thermodynamically stable form of crystal. The triglyceride waxes form the meta-stable alpha-phase in whole specimen when solidified from their melt. In the case of AKD, on the other hand, only a small portion of the specimen solidifies in the meta-stable form of crystal. The surface of the AKD, however, becomes fractal in the whole part. We have, thus, examined the fractal structure formation in the mixed wax systems in which one wax forms fractal surfaces and the other one does not. In the stearic acid/tristearin mixed system as a typical one, the super water-repellent fractal surfaces form in the higher composition region of tristearin than that of the eutectic point in their mixture.

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Accession: 055889312

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 18588336

DOI: 10.1021/jp802268j


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