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Spontaneous haemoptysis as a late complication of plombage in a tuberculosis patient

Spontaneous haemoptysis as a late complication of plombage in a tuberculosis patient

Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift 161(7-8): 217-221

The endemic spread of tuberculosis after World War II and the deficiency of appropriate antituberculous drugs had led to a renaissance of the surgical tuberculosis therapy until the early 1950s. Late complications of plombage performed decades before are rare and are mainly related to infection and/or migration of the inserted foreign material and are scarcely recognized today. We report on a 73-year-old male patient, who was admitted to the emergency room of our hospital with acute massive haemoptysis for four days. On physical examination the patient presented with decreased breath sounds over the left lung and an old left-sided thoracotomy scar. Radiological findings and bronchoscopy revealed an empyema and a fistula as late complications 53 years after collapse therapy with insertion of a plombage for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. The endobronchial nylon threads in the left bronchial tree and the fistula ending in the left lower bronchus confirmed our diagnosis. The patient was successfully treated by resection of the affected lower lobe. The present casuistic demonstrates a rare cause of spontaneous haemoptysis: late complications after extrapleural pneumolysis and plombage for cavitary tuberculosis over 50 years after the initial operation.

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Accession: 055889462

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PMID: 21533928

DOI: 10.1007/s10354-011-0886-6

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