Section 56
Chapter 55,949

Structural basis of a ribozyme's thermostability: P1-L9 interdomain interaction in RNase P RNA

Marszalkowski, M.; Willkomm, D.K.; Hartmann, R.K.

Rna 14(1): 127-133


ISSN/ISBN: 1469-9001
PMID: 17998289
DOI: 10.1261/rna.762508
Accession: 055948976

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For stability, many catalytic RNAs rely on long-range tertiary interactions, the precise role of each often being unclear. Here we demonstrate that one of the three interdomain architectural struts of RNase P RNA (P RNA) is the key to activity at higher temperatures: disrupting the P1-L9 helix-tetraloop interaction in P RNA of the thermophile Thermus thermophilus decreased activity at high temperatures in the RNA-alone reaction and at low Mg2+ concentrations in the holoenzyme reaction. Conversely, implanting the P1-P9 module of T. thermophilus in the P RNA from the mesophile Escherichia coli converted the latter RNA into a thermostable one. Moreover, replacing the E. coli P1-P9 elements with a pseudoknot module that mediates the homologous interaction in Mycoplasma P RNAs not only conferred thermostability upon E. coli P RNA but also increased its maximum turnover rate at 55 degrees C to the highest yet described for a P RNA ribozyme.

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