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Structural determinants of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) regulation of BK channel activity through the RCK1 Ca2+ coordination site

Structural determinants of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) regulation of BK channel activity through the RCK1 Ca2+ coordination site

Journal of Biological Chemistry 289(27): 18860-18872

Big or high conductance potassium (BK) channels are activated by voltage and intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)). Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), a ubiquitous modulator of ion channel activity, has been reported to enhance Ca(2+)-driven gating of BK channels, but a molecular understanding of this interplay or even of the PIP2 regulation of this channel's activity remains elusive. Here, we identify structural determinants in the KDRDD loop (which follows the αA helix in the RCK1 domain) to be responsible for the coupling between Ca(2+) and PIP2 in regulating BK channel activity. In the absence of Ca(2+), RCK1 structural elements limit channel activation through a decrease in the channel's PIP2 apparent affinity. This inhibitory influence of BK channel activation can be relieved by mutation of residues that (a) connect either the RCK1 Ca(2+) coordination site (Asp(367) or its flanking basic residues in the KDRDD loop) to the PIP2-interacting residues (Lys(392) and Arg(393)) found in the αB helix or (b) are involved in hydrophobic interactions between the αA and αB helix of the RCK1 domain. In the presence of Ca(2+), the RCK1-inhibitory influence of channel-PIP2 interactions and channel activity is relieved by Ca(2+) engaging Asp(367). Our results demonstrate that, along with Ca(2+) and voltage, PIP2 is a third factor critical to the integral control of BK channel activity.

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Accession: 055950931

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PMID: 24778177

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.m113.538033

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