+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Studying survivors of near-lethal suicide attempts as a proxy for completed suicide in prisons



Studying survivors of near-lethal suicide attempts as a proxy for completed suicide in prisons



Forensic Science International 220(1-3): 19-26



Suicides in prisons are common. There is a pressing need to understand more about the causes and prevention of prisoner suicides. A particularly informative approach is through studying survivors of near-lethal suicide attempts. However, the extent to which this approach is a good proxy for completed suicide requires verification. In this article we aimed to assess (1) the extent to which male and female prisoners who made near-lethal suicide attempts in prison are similar to prisoners who die by suicide; (2) the suicidal intent of those making near-lethal suicide attempts; and (3) the applicability of the Suicide Intent Scale in prisons. Survivors of near-lethal suicide attempts and prisoners who died by suicide were compared on sociodemographic and criminological characteristics. The suicidal intent of prisoners engaging in near-lethal self-harm was assessed using Beck's Suicide Intent Scale. There were no significant differences when the sociodemographic and criminological profiles of prisoners who made near-lethal suicide attempts and those who died by suicide were compared, except that male prisoners who made near-lethal suicide attempts were somewhat younger. Most prisoners carrying out near-lethal acts had high suicidal intent. However, some questions in the Suicide Intent Scale were inappropriate for assessing intent in prisoners. Prisoners who survive near-lethal self-harm would appear to be a valid proxy for those who die by suicide in prison. The Suicide Intent Scale requires some modifications for use in prisons.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 055982197

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22306186

DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2012.01.022


Related references

Studying survivors of nearly lethal suicide attempts: an important strategy in suicide research. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 32(1 Suppl): 76-84, 2001

Antidepressants increase risk of suicide attempt, but not completed suicide, in people with previous suicide attempts. Evidence-BasedMentalHealth10(3):90, 2007

Suicide Ideations, Suicide Attempts, and Completed Suicide in Persons with Pathological Gambling and Their First-Degree Relatives. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 45(6): 700-709, 2015

Completed suicide after attempted suicide: Methods used in attempts may indicate the degree of risk. BMJ 341(7765): 158-159, 2010

A Retrospective Administrative Database Analysis of Suicide Attempts and Completed Suicide in Patients With Chronic Pancreatitis. Frontiers in Psychiatry 9: 147, 2018

Trends of Suicide Attempts and Completed Suicide in Ilam Province of Iran; A Demographic Analysis Study. Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma 6(3): 245-248, 2018

Are previous suicide attempts a risk factor for completed suicide?. Psicothema 30(1): 33-38, 2018

Completed suicide and suicide attempts in the Arab population in Israel. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 51(6): 869-876, 2016

Sex difference in risk period for completed suicide following prior attempts: Korea National Suicide Survey (KNSS). Journal of Affective Disorders 227: 861-868, 2018

Risk of self-harm and nonfatal suicide attempts, and completed suicide in patients with psoriasis: a population-based cohort study. British Journal of Dermatology 175(3): 493-500, 2016

Suicide Attempt as a Risk Factor for Completed Suicide: Even More Lethal Than We Knew. American Journal of Psychiatry 173(11): 1094-1100, 2016

Suicide attempts preceding completed suicide. The British Journal of Psychiatry 173(6): 531-535, 1998

Suicide attempts preceding completed suicide. British Journal of Psychiatry 173: 531-535, 1998

Is suicide contagious? A study of the relation between exposure to the suicidal behavior of others and nearly lethal suicide attempts. American Journal of Epidemiology 154(2): 120-127, 2001

Committed suicide in the background of the history of previous suicide attempts--a 5-year prospective study of suicide attempts. Przeglad Lekarski 62(6): 419-421, 2005